Harad choti (Kali) – Haritaki- हरड छोटी – Chebulic myrobalan


Ayurvedic classification of Haritaki (Terminalia chebula):

Ayurvedic Classification Description
Rasa (taste) Astringent, sweet, sour, bitter, pungent
Guna (qualities) Light, dry, sharp, rough
Virya (potency) Heating
Vipaka (post-digestive effect) Sweet
Dosha effect Balances all three doshas (Vata, Pitta, and Kapha)
Karma (actions) Digestive, carminative, laxative, rejuvenative, anti-inflammatory, anti-aging, and expectorant
Dhatu (tissue) affinity Works primarily on the digestive, respiratory, and reproductive tissues
Srotas (channel) affinity Works primarily on the digestive, respiratory, and reproductive channels
Prabhava (special effect) Considered a “Tridoshic Rasayana,” which means it can help to balance all three doshas and promote longevity


Active compounds and their benefits found in Haritaki (Terminalia chebula):

Active Compound Benefits
Tannins Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer properties
Chebulic acid Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties
Gallic acid Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer properties
Ellagic acid Antioxidant and anti-cancer properties
Terchebin Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties
Arjungenin Anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties
Harmane Antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective properties
Luteolin Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties


Chebulic myrobalan, Choti Harad also known as Terminalia chebula or Haritaki, is a fruit-bearing tree that is native to India and other parts of Southeast Asia. In Ayurveda, Haritaki, Choti Harad is considered a powerful herb with a wide range of health benefits.

हरीतक्याः फलं दिव्यं त्रिदोषघ्नं सुसंयुतम् ।

तृष्णापानात् प्रमुच्यन्ति धृतव्रता विमुच्यते ॥


Harītakyāḥ phalaṃ divyaṃ tridoṣaghnaṃ susaṃyutam |
Tṛṣṇāpānāt pramucyanti dhṛtavrata vimucyate ||


“The divine fruit of Haritaki, which is rich in antioxidants and has the ability to balance the three doshas, can relieve thirst and help one break free from worldly attachments.”

This verse highlights the benefits of Haritaki, a fruit that is highly valued in Ayurvedic medicine for its ability to promote health and well-being. It suggests that consuming Haritaki can help one achieve a state of balance and detachment, leading to a more peaceful and fulfilling life.

Common vernacular names for Haritaki:

  • Hindi: Harad, हरड़
  • Sanskrit: Haritaki, हरीतकी
  • Tamil: Kadukkai, கடுக்காய்
  • Telugu: Karakkaya, కరక్కాయ
  • Kannada: Alale, ಆಳಲೆ
  • Malayalam: Kadukka, കടുക്ക
  • Bengali: Haritaki, হরিতকী
  • Gujarati: Harde, હરડે
  • Marathi: Hirda, हिरडा
  • Punjabi: Harar, ਹਰਰ
  • Nepali: Harro, हर्रो
  • Assamese: Silikha, শিলিখা
  • Odia: Harida, ହରିଦା
  • Konkani: Hirade, हिरडे
  • Urdu: Harar, ہرڑ
  • Arabic: Halela Zard, حليلة زردة
  • Persian: Halileh, حلیله
  • Turkish: Halela, Haleli Çiçeği
  • Thai: Mahakam, มะหากำ
  • Indonesian: Kayu Raru, Kadukkai

Potential benefits of Haritaki, Choti Harad:

  • Digestive Health: Haritaki, Choti Harad is known to have a beneficial effect on the digestive system. It helps to regulate bowel movements, reduce constipation, and improve digestion. It is also believed to be effective in treating gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhea and dysentery.
  • Respiratory Health: Haritaki, Choti Harad is believed to be beneficial for respiratory health. It is commonly used to treat respiratory conditions such as cough, asthma, and bronchitis.
  • Immune System Support: Haritaki, Choti Harad is believed to support the immune system, helping to protect the body from infection and illness.
  • Skin Health: Haritaki, Choti Harad is believed to be beneficial for skin health. It is often used in Ayurvedic skincare formulations to help treat skin conditions such as acne, eczema, and psoriasis.
  • Anti-inflammatory Properties: Haritaki, Choti Harad is believed to have anti-inflammatory properties, which can help to reduce inflammation throughout the body and improve overall health.
  • Antioxidant Properties: Haritaki, Choti Harad is rich in antioxidants, which can help to protect the body from free radicals that can cause cellular damage and contribute to the development of chronic diseases.
  • Blood Sugar Regulation: Haritaki, Choti Harad may help to regulate blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity, making it a potential natural treatment for diabetes.
  • Liver Health: Haritaki, Choti Harad is believed to be beneficial for liver health, helping to protect the liver from damage and improve its function.
  • Brain Health: Haritaki, Choti Harad is believed to have a positive effect on brain health, improving cognitive function and memory.
  • Anti-Cancer Properties: Haritaki, Choti Harad has been shown to have anti-cancer properties, potentially helping to prevent or treat certain types of cancer.

General dosage guidelines for Haritaki in Ayurveda:

Form Dosage Frequency How to Take
Haritaki powder 1-3 grams 1-2 times per day Mix with warm water or honey
Haritaki capsules 1-2 capsules 1-2 times per day Take with warm water or milk
Haritaki churna 1-3 grams 1-2 times per day Mix with warm water or honey
Haritaki tincture 2-4 mL 1-2 times per day Take with warm water or milk

Nutritional content of Haritaki:

Nutrient Amount per 100 grams Daily Requirement
Calories 319 kcal N/A
Carbohydrates 69.7 g 130 g
Fiber 38.0 g 25 g
Protein 3.7 g 56 g
Fat 1.0 g 44-77 g
Vitamin C 0.0 mg 90 mg
Calcium 185 mg 1000-1300 mg
Iron 2.7 mg 8-18 mg
Potassium 700 mg 2000-3000 mg
Sodium 55.0 mg 1500-2300 mg

Overall, Haritaki, Choti Harad is a versatile herb with a wide range of potential health benefits. However, it’s important to note that more research is needed to fully understand its effects and potential risks. As with any natural remedy or supplement, it’s important to speak with a healthcare provider before using Haritaki, Choti Harad to treat any health condition.


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Disclaimer: Please note that it is important to consult with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner before using any herb for therapeutic purposes, as the benefits may vary depending on the individual’s health status and dosha imbalance.

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